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emocje

Zdolność rozpoznawania wyrazów twarzy i emocji zawartych w tekście zależy od ciśnienia krwi. Prof. James A. McCubbin z Clemson University zauważył niedawno, że osoby z podwyższonym ciśnieniem cechuje obniżona zdolność rozpoznawania złości, strachu, smutku i radości zarówno na twarzach, jak i w tekście.

To trochę przypomina życie w świecie e-maili bez emotikonów. Umieszczamy w liście śmiejące się buźki, by pokazać, że żartujemy. W innym razie niektórzy ludzie mogliby źle zrozumieć nasze poczucie humoru i wpaść w złość – tłumaczy obrazowo McCubbin.

Wg Amerykanina, część osób przejawia tzw. „stłumienie emocjonalne”, zwiększające prawdopodobieństwo niewłaściwego reagowania na złość i inne emocje krewnych, współpracowników czy przyjaciół. By nie pomylić np. złości z przekomarzaniem czy żartami, w złożonych sytuacjach społecznych trzeba polegać na wyrazach twarzy i słownych wskazówkach emocjonalnych.

Jeśli masz stłumienie emocjonalne, możesz nie ufać innym, bo nie jesteś w stanie odczytać emocjonalnego znaczenia wyrazu ich twarzy ani komunikatów słownych. Możesz nawet podejmować nadmierne ryzyko, ponieważ nie potrafisz w pełni ocenić zagrożeń środowiskowych.

McCubbin twierdzi, że stłumienie emocjonalne może prowadzić do nadciśnienia i podwyższenia ryzyka choroby niedokrwiennej serca. Tworzy się błędne koło, bo wyższe ciśnienie oznacza stłumienie emocjonalne, a ono utrudnia kontakty międzyludzkie, co w jeszcze większym stopniu podwyższa ciśnienie.

Wiedząc, że osoby z podwyższonym ciśnieniem wykazują stłumione reakcje emocjonalne na bodźce emocjonalne, zespół doktora McCubbina postanowił przyjrzeć się zależności między hemodynamiką spoczynkową serca a rozpoznawaniem uczuć. Uwzględniono 106 Afroamerykanów: 55 kobiet i 51 mężczyzn. Średnia wieku wynosiła 52,8 roku. Większość badanych miała niską pozycję socjoekonomiczną. Wszyscy brali udział w pilotażowym studium Healthy Aging in Nationally Diverse Longitudinal Samples.

Badani oceniali znaczenie emocjonalne wyrazów twarzy i zdań w ramach Testu Percepcji Afektu (Perception of Affect Test, PAT). Stale monitorowano spoczynkowe ciśnienie krwi, całkowity opór obwodowy (ang. total peripheral resistance, TPR), czyli całkowity opór przepływu krwi w naczyniach, tętno oraz rzut serca.

Okazało się, że ogólny wynik w PAT był odwrotnie związany z wiekiem, a także zarówno ze skurczowym, jak i skurczowym ciśnieniem krwi (im lepszy wynik, tym niższe ciśnienie). Po wzięciu poprawki na zmienne demograficzne, stan umysłu, wskaźnik masy ciała i przyjmowane leki dokładność rozpoznawania afektu w zadaniach PAT nadal pozostała odwrotnie związana z ciśnieniem i całkowitym oporem obwodowym. Naukowcy uważają, że natrafili na ważne powiązania między regulacją emocji przez ośrodkowy układ nerwowy, procesami hemodynamicznymi i rozwojem nadciśnienia.

Źródło: kopalniawiedzy.pl

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